Proper Lifting Techniques

Whenever feasible, use engineering controls to minimize or eliminate lifting hazards rather than focus solely on lifting technique. By reducing or eliminating the lift, the risk for injury will be minimized whereas lifting techniques will not have a significant effect on the risk for injury. Engineering controls include but are not limited to; conveyors, scissors lifts, vacuum lifts, carts, and hand trucks. If infeasible, use proper lifting techniques.

  1. Plan your lift. Don’t lift without having doors opened, carts available, etc.
  2. Test the weight of the load prior to lifting. If it’s too heavy, get help!
  3. Position your body as close to the object being lifted as possible.
  4. Feet should be about shoulder width apart with one foot slightly in
    front of the other.
  5. Bend at the knees and keep the back straight and squat down as
    close to the load as possible.
  6. Get a firm grip prior on the object. Grasping handles or opposite corners.
  7. Lift in a smooth and steady motion without jerking.
  8. Avoid twisting or leaning to the side.
  9. When moving or carrying the object, step and pivot without twisting.
  10. Keep the object in the Power Zone as close to the body as possible
    during the entire lift.
  11. Use alternative lifting techniques as needed based on the weight of
    being lifted and preference.
    · Golfers’ Lift
    · Tripod Lift
    · Squat Lift

Variations of lifting technique may need to be made based on a variety of factors including but not limited to object size, weight, coupling (handles), etc. Lifting patients (human, animal) present a series of challenges as well.

Online Back Safety Training

Schedule an Industrial Ergonomic Evaluation
(Evaluation of Lifting Tasks)


Contact CSU’s Ergonomics Coordinator
970.491.2724 – 141 General Services Building